A citizen of Mongolia is to receive a lifetime valid preferred stock from the “Erdenes MGL” Company
The regular meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Mongolia took place on yesterday on June 25, 2012.
Before, the Government of Mongolia resolved to distribute common stocks worth one million MNT (1,072 shares) of the Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi to all citizens of Mongolia in form of cash or stocks depending on civilians’ request. The common shares are guaranteed by assets of the company and citizens can vote and participate in decision making basing on the number of common shares they own.
This time, at the yesterday’s Cabinet meeting (June 25, 2012) it has been resolved to distribute “Erdenes MGL” state owned company’s ONE Preferred Stock to each citizen of Mongolia. “Erdenes MGL” owns 51% of Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi, 34% of Oyu Tolgoi, and shares of other strategic mines such as Shivee Ovoo, Baganuur and Tavan Tolgoi.
to read more, please visit http://www.infomongolia.com/ct/ci/4391

The Victory Day of Russia is also noted as a celebration day of Mongolia
On May 09 of every year, the Russian people celebrate the anniversary of its victory over Nazi Germany in the World War II.
The newly elected President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin has made a greeting speech for this 67th anniversary celebration festive of Russia, after which the military parade started following by the Russian national anthem. A total of 14,000 soldiers and officers from Russian navy, air force, land force, artillery force and space force divisions, and Moscow military force, have participated in the parade, where also over 100 military equipments were shown to the public.
The Victory Day of Russia is also noted as a celebration day here in Mongolia. Hitler’s invasion of June 22, 1941, into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) had also affected the sovereignty and fate of the People’s Republic of Mongolia. Thus, from the day that World War II started, Mongolian authorities have deprecated the invasion of fascist Germany and have appealed to support their Russian brothers. Voluntary works to aid the Red Army were made in various forms, where the state had supported the act of factory workers such as from industrial and electrical plants, to have received promises to over-accomplish the target and initiated to accumulate assets individually. One of the biggest gifts from the Mongolian people was deemed to be that the industrial complexes mainly manufactured clothing and special order food products for the Soviet soldiers, the women had established knitting courses on their own initiative, where they made and sent out scarves, socks and gloves, and donated their blood.
It is noted in the pages of history, that the largest gift was the “Mongol Ard” aircraft squadron and the “Cavalcade of revolutionary Mongol tanks” given to the Red Army in 1943 by the decision of the Mongol State Baga Khural (Assembly) and the Mongolian Government.
This “Cavalcade of revolutionary Mongol tanks” and “Mongol Ard” aircraft squadron had been used in many battles and is noted to have been together with the Red Army near Berlin at the final moment of the end of WWII.
One of these historical tanks now lies in its resting spot at the bottom of Zaisan Tolgoi, where the Monument of Soviet Militants is perpetuated.
Today, respects are paid to the Monument of Soviet Militants, Monument of Soviet Marshal G.K.Zhukov, and senior militants that participated in WWII. Also, Mongolian television channels broadcasted the Victory Parade live at 02:00pm, May 09, 2012 (Ulaanbaatar time GMT +8).


The findings from the complete tomb of nomadic aristocrats, found by the joint research team of the Science Academy of Mongolia and the Turkish-Altai study center of the Eurasian Academy of Kazakhstan, is shown to the public today on March 29, 2012.
The exhibition made its opening at noon at the Mongolian Fine Arts Gallery under the name “Arts gallery of ancient nomads”, where it will be available to the public until April 22, 2012. The “Ancient Turks in the Mongolian Territory” archeological excavation of the research team was held at a place named Shoroon Bumbagar of Ulaan Kherem, Bayannuur sum of Bulgan aimag. The project was conducted under the supervision of professor A.Ochir, where around 570 valuable findings of Turkish aristocrats were found from the Shoroon Bumbagar tomb, related to the VII century. Over 300 of these finding are shown at the exhibition in the sequence they were found, where these historical findings categorized into substantial archeological finds, antiques, photography, maps, art pieces, printed pictures, models and copies. The most interesting find from this tomb is the tomb wall pictures.
There are a total of over 40 pictures, where 24 male and female persons with swans, birds, tigers, dogs and horses are illustrated dancing, singing, holding ceremonies and entertaining themselves. There were no cases of such underground tomb with wall pictures to have been previously found in Mongolia, where these types of tomb were found only in China, Japan and Korea. This tomb is 42 meters in length and 1.8 meters in width and located 8 meters underground, and was organized with 4 ditched entrances, 2 small holes ad a main tomb. Very valuable findings were found from the tomb, including 134 gold wares, 117 clay wares, and 41 golden coins, possessions made of silver and other metals and 30 wood wares. Also, there are many other interesting findings as well as golden earrings, rings, bracelets and vessels, 4 clay made tomb protectors, clay horseman playing music and golden coins with Rune and Latin scripts with signs of Byzantine craft. The owner of the tomb is not yet identified, although it is certain the person was of significant position in society.
To see photos http://www.infomongolia.com/ct/ci/3654

Usually, Mongolians name the year with February 29th as the High year. February 29th occurs once in every 4 years. Thus, the people who were born on this day are kind of the "unlucky" ones having to celebrate their birthday once in 4 years.
Today is the birthday for those who were born in the High year. How many “unlucky” or maybe “special” ones will sing birthday song and eat their birthday cakes? There’s a record of only 4 million people on the world to have been born on February 29th, meaning the low chances of birth on this day. According to the archives of the State Registration Office of Mongolia, there are a total of 2,150 people were born on February 29th in Mongolia, whereas 60% of which are women. The interesting facts are, the majority of them have the same names. They are Bat-Erdene (14), Oyunchimeg (13), Munkhzul (12) and Bolormaa (12).

The InfoMongolia.com is pleased to announce that our new application, "SHAGAI - THE FORTUNE TELLER" is launched! Our valuable users now can enjoy the ankle bones fortune-telling game while surfing through the Site.
Thank you for staying with us and enjoy the game!

Shagai is a talus of the ankle of a sheep or goat. Mongolians have honored their stock’s ankle bones since ancient times, and keeping ankle bones, collecting them that is believed to bring balance, happiness and goodluck in life. Even today the bones are collected and wide used for traditional and fortune-telling games in Mongolia.

In order to know your fortune you need only four ankle bones or Shagais. To do so, hold the four bones in your hand, whisper whatever you wish to know, and roll them on a flat surface. The rolled four Shagais in a random way each lands on one of four sides: a horse, a camel, a sheep or a goat. The four-positioned Shagais will tell you the fortune, by reading the positioning of the bones you will be answered the question. If there is one horse, one camel, one sheep and one goat, it’s called "Four Berkhs" (or lit. "Four Difficulties" which means it is difficult to be thrown four different sides at once) and it is believed that everything you wished for would be granted. The people have widely used this fortune-telling game up to this day. Now, let us help you to find out how lucky you are today.

To play, please the following link:

Good luck!!

The Tsagaan Sar or White Month is the biggest and oldest festival in Mongolia inherited many centuries ago. In 1206, when Temuujin or Chinggis Khaan was proclaimed the Great Khaan of all Mongols, he held an elaborate feast on the last day of winter, and decided to make this the New Year where the holiday have been celebrated ever since early to date. Mongolia's Tsagaan Sar or New Year falls on different dates each year between late January and early March.
This year, the New Year occurred on February 22, the first day of the first spring month as Mongolia follows the 12 animal cycles of the lunar calendar.
Tsagaan Sar is a traditional nationwide celebrated holiday, where every member of the family prepares for it starting a month ago, even a child helps to make a Buuz (steamed dumpling), because during the festival a family usually makes about a thousand Buuz, and women traditionally make new outfits which is called Deel for their family members to meet new year with new clothes.
The holiday is divided into Bituun, the last day of the year where there is a half moon; Shiniin Negen the next day is the first day of the New Year i.e. the first day of the first spring month and the third day as the last day of the Tsagaan Sar feast.
On Bituun day, each family prepares the Tsagaan Sar food and fill the festive table with various of meals and traditionally Kheviin Boov and Uuts must be included on the festive table and Bituun festivity starts when it gets dark outside. It is said, that on Bituun evening the horse of the deity, the Lkham Burkhan or Palden Lhamo could drink as the deity is believed to visit every household on this day, so every family puts three pieces of ice on the right top of the door and also puts a small dried bush on the left top of the door of the Ger to avoid bad thing to enter the home. Traditionally, Mongolians settle all issues and repay all debts from the old year by this day.
On Shiniin Negen, people are expected to get up early before sunrise and take their first steps in the direction dictated by the year they were born which is called Zug Gargakh, as advised according to their astrology. Firstly, children greet their parents which is called Zolgokh, but the ritual greeting is never performed between husband and wife, who are considered as one person. People show respect to their elders and relatives visit each other with the eldest first by offering a Khadag with outstretched hands and exchanges with greetings.
After the greeting, elders exchange snuffboxes and hosts serve their guests with tea with milk first followed by Tsagaalga (rice flavored with butter, sugar and grape), then meat from Uuts (steamed lamb) and Buuz (steamed dumpling) or Bansh (boiled dumpling), also other meals and beverages are served as well as Airag (fermented mare’s milk).
During Mongolia's Communist period, the government banned the Tsagaan Sar and tried to replace it with a holiday called "Herdsmen’s Feast", but the holiday was practiced again after the 1990 Democratic Revolution in Mongolia.

A special exhibition named Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) opened at the Field Museum in Chicago city of Illinois State, US on February 24, which will be continued through September 03, 2012. The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Mongolia to the United State of America Kh.Bekhbat attended to the opening ceremony of the exhibition, also the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Field Museum John W. McCarter Jr. was proud to announce that the inauguration ceremony of the exhibition coincides with the Shiniin Negen, the first day of the Mongolian New Year and the year of 2012 marks the 850th anniversary of the birth of Great Khaan.
The exhibition aimed to uncover the amazing story of one of the world’s greatest leaders and most misunderstood conquerors. Discover the essence of his extensive empire and the lasting influence of his legacy. Experience the epic tale of the legendary leader who changed the map of the world and left behind a legacy of governmental protections, military tactics, transcontinental trade, and diplomatic tradition.
The Ambassador Kh.Bekhbat emphasized that by conducting the event would make a great contribution to introduce the history and culture of Mongolians to the people of the United States and would play main role to deepen the mutual understanding between the two nations, furthermore this year also marks the 25th anniversary of the diplomatic relations established between Mongolia and the United State of America. At the ceremony over 400 guests attended where Mongolian traditional art performance was introduced as well.
The Field Museum was incorporated in the State of Illinois on September 16, 1893 as the Columbian Museum of Chicago with its purpose the "accumulation and dissemination of knowledge, and the preservation and exhibition of objects illustrating art, archaeology, science and history." In 1905, the Museum's name was changed to Field Museum of Natural History to honor the Museum's first major benefactor, Marshall Field, and to better reflect its focus on the natural sciences. In 1921 the Museum moved from its original location in Jackson Park to its present site on Chicago Park District property near downtown where it is part of a lakefront Museum Campus that includes the John G. Shedd Aquarium and the Adler Planetarium. These three institutions are regarded as among the finest of their kind in the world and together attract more visits annually than any comparable site in Chicago.

Chinggis Khaan at the Field Museum
An unrivaled conqueror who changed the course of world culture is the subject of new exhibition at the Field Museum. The Chinggis Khaan showcases the largest single collection of 13th century Mongolian artifacts ever assembled, and takes visitors on an unforgettable journey into Khaan’s legendary empire. The exhibition features more than 200 stunning objects including gold jewelry, weaponry, silk robes, religious relics, and the newly-discovered mummy and tomb treasures of a Mongolian noblewoman - that capture the essence of Chinggis Khaan’s Empire, his military prowess, cultural influence, and lasting legacy.

Two Faces of Chinggis Khaan: Warrior and Statesman
Through compelling artifacts, engaging videos, and immersive installations, the exhibition tells the story of Chinggis Khaan’s life-an epic tale filled with brutality, cunning, and intrigue. Born in 1162, and called Temuujin, he endured early hardships including his father’s untimely death, his own imprisonment and torture at the hands of a warring tribe, the kidnapping of his young wife, and a deadly rivalry with a sworn blood brother. In 1206, he successfully united the many Mongol clans and earned the title of Chinggis Khaan, meaning “Oceanic Ruler.” He established a code of law and a written language that brought order to the Mongolian steppes, and prepared the tribes he united to wage war with civilizations beyond Mongolian borders.
Chinggis Khaan and his descendants merged smaller countries into larger ones, and developed international borders for countries that still stand today, including China, Korea, and India. In just 25 years, Khan’s army conquered more lands and people than the Romans during their entire 400-year rule. At one point, Khaan’s Mongol Empire spanned more than 11 million square miles across Eastern Europe and Asia.
Chinggis Khaan’s place in history is fraught with paradox. His warriors reduced cities to ash, eliminated entire populations, and incited fear throughout medieval Europe and Asia. Yet, he was an innovative leader who brought stability and unity to a vast and varied empire, encouraged education and a meritocracy, and opened trade between Europe and Asia.

Chinggis Khaan’s Roots and the Rise of the Mongols
Visitors to the exhibition can explore how nomads lived on the grasslands of 13th century Central Asia and learn about Chinggis Khaan’s early influences. They can view a life-size Ger (traditional Mongolian dwelling), learn about the role of a shaman, and view elaborate robes and materials used by spiritual leaders.
The rapid expansion of the Mongol Empire was due to the military genius and charisma of its leader. An animated floor map illustrates the vast reach of the empire, which at its peak, stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the gates of Vienna. Murals and video projections place visitors in battlefields to experience the sight and sound of warriors on galloping horses. Visitors will find magnificent weapons, equestrian objects, leather armor and chain mail, and other battle gear including a full-scale replica of a traction trebuchet (used for throwing large stones) and a giant siege crossbow.

Chinggis Khaan’s Legacy
Chinggis Khaan's empire changed the world. The great conqueror is credited with creating a passport and postal system, establishing diplomatic immunity, and wilderness preservation parks.
He died in 1227 but is still revered as the founding spirit of the Mongolian nation. Chinggis Khaan’s burial place is still one of the greatest archeological mysteries of our time. One imaginative account states that 800 horsemen trampled repeatedly over the burial site to obscure its location. Other soldiers then killed the horsemen so they could not disclose the grave site.

Mongol Rule After Chinggis Khaan
Chinggis Khaan’s third son and successor, Uguudei, established the city of Kharkhorin (Karakorum), on the Mongolian steppes, as the Empire’s cosmopolitan capital. Visitors get a glimpse of life in this city through a recreated setting and collection of new archaeological discoveries including jewelry, ceramics, coins, seals, instruments, and textiles.
In the final section of the exhibition, visitors can trace the events that led to the fall of the Mongol Empire and learn about Khubilai Khaan (Kublai Khan), the most famous of Chinggis Khaan’s grandsons, whose own life as a warrior and statesman laid the foundation of modern China.

The fleet of Mongol Empire discovered after several centuries
"The historical shipwreck discovery was found on the ground of the sea just off coast of the Nagasaki prefecture (Takashima coast), Japan. The Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia, which was established in 1271 by Khubilai Khaan, the grandson of Chinggis Khaan, attacked Japan two times in 1274 and 1281 respectively, and the fleet found is considered to be one of the second’s invasion where two separate forces of 900 and 3,500 ships carrying nearly 150,000 troops attempted to invade" reported Japanese "Chunichi" paper on October 26, 2011. In July 1281, Mongolian troops conquered the Takashima Island and the following attack to Kyushu Island was interrupted by Kamikaze – typhoon, where 20% out of 150,000 troops and 4,400 fleets were survived and headed back home. Researchers said, it was the first time such a large piece of hull had been recovered from the Mongol invasion fleets. According to Professor History Sakae Ikeda, University of the Ryukyus with an investigation, the length of the part, called the keel hit the spine of the ship's bottom, found a timber of 15 meters approximately, neat board 10 meters to 1 meters in length on both sides of Along with the fact that, we then considered the vessel more than 20 meters in length. Khubilai Khaan (September 23, 1215 – February 18, 1294) was the fifth Great Khaan of the Mongol Empire from 1260 to 1294, and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China, and a grandson of Chinggis Khaan, he claimed the title of Khagan of the Ikh Mongol Uls (Mongol Empire) in 1260.
Khubilai Khaan considered China to be his main base, a realization that dawned on him within a decade of his enthronement as Great Khaan. He needed to concentrate on governing China. He adopted Chinese political and cultural models from the beginning of his reign, and also worked to minimize the influences of regional lords who had held immense power before and during the Song Dynasty.
In 1271, Khubilai Khaan officially declared the creation of the Yuan Dynasty, and proclaimed the capital to be at Dadu (lit. "Great Capital", known as Daidu to the Mongols, at today's Beijing).
He ruled well, promoting economic growth with the rebuilding of the Grand Canal, repairing public buildings, and extending highways. Khubilai decreed that partner merchants of the Mongols should be subject to taxes in 1263 and set up the Office of Market Taxes to supervise them in 1268.
The Mongol administration issued paper currencies from 1227 on. In August 1260, Khubilai Khaan created the first unified paper currency with bills that circulated throughout the Yuan with no expiration date. To guard against devaluation, the currency was convertible with silver and gold, and the government accepted tax payments in paper currency.
For readers who interested in the history of Mongol Empire, especially on the topic mentioned above, we would advise you to have a read a book that is well written and accessible to all potential readers. The “Khubilai Khan’s Lost Fleet: In Search of a Legendary Armada” that has been awarded the winner of the 2011 Deetz Award, the Society for Historical Archaeology presented this award to James on January 7, 2011 in Austin, Texas.


The "Mongol Kino" Enterprise and the Russian "MosFilm" Corporation are jointly producing a two-part full size feature film basing upon the famous "Red Shots' Ladies" composition by the State Awarded Author B.Dogmid, who received much critiques from the Central Committee of Writers at that time.
The story will revolve around a 500 thousand populated Mongolia about five decades ago on the way of the medical treatment with “red injections” and the first ever railroad establishment in Mongolia. The Director for the “Mongol Kino” Enterprise Mr. J.Solongo is working as the general producer for the “Red Shots’ Ladies of the 505”.
This film-making is a very large scale of Mongolia-Russian joint production, as the two countries have not collaborated on any production for the past 20 years. A team of 80 people are working from the Mongolian side, including People’s Artists of Mongolia P.Tserendagva, D.Mendbayar and A.Ochirbat. Also a large team, including Russian merit artists as well as two studios of ”MosFilm” Corporation, will be collaborating from the Russian side. As this is a historical story, it will be built upon the hard work of Mongolians and Russians together.
The cinematography works are currently at 40%. The 1940-1960s great up building process of Mongolia and the historical occurrences after WWII will be reflected in the movie.
Mongolia reached a new level of the development, as a railroad was set from north to south, where it alone occupied 90% of the Mongolian freight turnover connecting domestic and foreign traffic until 2000. As history implies, with the ratification of the 505th decree by the Government of the USSR (today the Russian Federation) after the WWII, thousands of soldiers were confined into political captives, and mobilized into construction works such as railroad setting works. For a duration of 7 years, about 80-100 thousand captives, along with railroad workers, set a 1,200km long railroad stretching from the northern to the southern border of Mongolia. The railroad works, which started in 1946, reached Ulaanbaatar in 1949. However Mao Ze Dong (the 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China) did not permit for the railroads to reach the Chinese border, as permitting the railroad tracks would eventually lead up to the recognizing of Mongolian Independence. Nevertheless, the permit was granted after a year long wait, finishing the railroad settings down to the Chinese border in 1953. In fact, Mongolian man-power did not take part in this whole building process.
With the census of 1946, Mongolian population was at 630 thousand, with over 70 thousand Chinese citizens, 30-40 thousand Tibet citizens and only a little over 500 thousand Mongolians. And in between the half a million Mongolians, the majority suffered from various contagious diseases, especially where sexually transmitted diseases reached the levels of epidemics in between the people of reproductive age. At the time, 5,000 births were recorded against 13,000 deaths per year, making the death rates to be twice the size of birth rates, thus endangering the existence of the whole nation, not to talk about the independence of the country. Large Russian scientists are known to have determined the Mongolian nation to be on its way to extinction. Hence, 2,000 doctors came from the USSR organizing 35 campaigns in every sums and aimags of Mongolia, giving shots to every Mongolian.
The biggest investment by the Government of Mongolia in 1930-1950 was invigorating its nation and people. The state leaders and administrations of the time exhausted its last supply and possibilities to invigorate its people.


A two-volume book titled "The Most Influential 100 Persons in Mongolian History" by Myagmar DUSH has been published recently. One volume is sold for 15,000 MNT online and the book contains 100 biographies of prominent Khaans, Military warlords, scientists and educators of Mongolia.

The Most Influential 100 persons in Mongolian History:

1. Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan or given name as Temuujin, Spring 1206 - August 25, 1227, founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death);
2. Mao-Tun Chanyu (Modu Chanyu or Maodun, reigned 209 - 174 BCE, was born c. 234 BCE was the fourth known emperor and founder of the Xiongnu Empire after he killed his father in 209 BCE);
3. Tanshikhuai Baatar Khaan (was born 141 AD, reigned 156-181 was a supreme leader of the Xianbei tribes who expanded the vast the Xianbei Empire);
4. Khubilai Khaan (Kublai Khan, September 23, 1215 - February 18, 1294, grandson of Chinggis Khaan, the fifth Great Khaan of the Mongol Empire from 1260 to 1294 and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China);
5. Subeedei Baatar (Subutai, Subetei, or Tsubatai, 1176-1248, was the primary military strategist and general of Chinggis Khaan and Uguudei Khaan);
6. Uguudei Khaan (Ogodei, Uguudei, 1186 - December 11, 1241, was the third son of Chinggis Khaan and second Great Khaan of the Mongol Empire);
7. Minggatu of Sharaid (Mathematician and astronomer who discovered 9 trigonometric equations and wrote 42 volumes of "The Roots of Regularities");
8. Attila Khaan (Attila the Hun, 406-453 AD, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453 AD);
9. Bat Khaan (Batu Khan, 1207-1255, was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Ulus of Jochi or Zuchi (or Golden Horde), the sub-khanate of the Mongol Empire. Bat Khaan was a son of Zuchi and grandson of Chinggis Khaan);
10. Tumur Gur-Khaan (Timur, Gur Emir Tamerlane, April 08, 1336 - February 18, 1405, historically known as Tamerlane, was a 14th-century conqueror of West, South and Central Asia, and the founder of the Timurid dynasty (1370-1405) in Central Asia);
11. Shulugun Khaan (Jarun, Sherun who established the Nirun, Jujan or Rouran Empire AD 330-555);
12. Yenshuubu Byambyn Rinchen (1905-1977, was one of the founders of modern Mongolian literature, a translator of literature and a scientist in various areas of Mongolian studies, especially linguistics);
13. Munkh Khaan (January 10, 1209 - August 11, 1259, was the fourth Great Khaan of the Mongol Empire from July 01, 1251 - August 11, 1259);
14. Babur Khaan (Baber or Babar, February 14, 1483 - December 26, 153, A Turko-Mongol Muslim conqueror, direct descendant of Tumur Khaan through his father, and a descendant of Chinggis Khaan through his mother);
15. Agvaanbaldan Tungalag Tsorj (1797-1864, Scholar, poet, philosopher who contributed significant contribution to the philosophy of Buddhist religion);
16. Yelui Abaoji Khaan (872-926 AD, The Emperor Taizu of Liao was the first emperor of the Liao Dynasty (907–926));
17. Khulegu Il-Khaan (Hulagu Khan, Hulegu, 1217 - February 8 1265, was a Mongol ruler who conquered much of Southwest Asia, grandson to Chinggis Khaan);
18. Bat-Munkh Dayan Khaan (1464-1543, descendant of Chinggis Khaan reigned between 1470-1517);
19. Bayan Khaan (538-602 AD, founder of Nirun-Avar state);
20. Khabul Khaan (reigned 1130-1146, was the first known Khaan of the Khamag Mongol confederation and great-grandfather to Chinggis Khaan);
21. Khotogochin Erdene Baatar Khuntaij (Erdeni Batur, died 1653, was a Choros-Oirat prince and is generally considered the founder of a new Oirat state in Central Asia known as the Dzungar Khanate);
22. Borjigin Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj (November 17, 1906 - June, 1937, was a Mongolian poet, writer, and play writer);
23. Yelui Dash Gur-Khaan (Yeh-Lu Ta-Shih, 1124-1143, was the founder of the Western Liao dynasty, or the Kara-Khitan Khanate);
24. Khand-Dorj Noyon of the Khalkh (1892-1915, Political leader, fighter for independence);
25. Zeb Noyon (Jebe Noyon died 1225, was one of the prominent Noyons (generals) of Chinggis Khaan);
26. Mandukhai Sechen Khatan (Mandukhai Setsen Queen or Queen Manduhai the Wise, 1449 - 1510, was the Empress of the Post-imperial Mongolia, united the warring Mongols with her husband Batmunkh Dayan Khaan);
27. Akbar Khaan (Alal Ud-Din Muhammad Akbar, October 14, 1542 - October 24, 1605, was the third Mughal Emperor. He was of Timurid descent);
28. Nomun-Gerel Choyiji-Odser Bandid (1214-1294, Buddhist scholar and philosopher);
29. Mukhulai Noyon (Muqali, 1170-1223, was one of the greatest generals of Chinggis Khaan);
30. Undur Gegeen Zanabazar ("High Saint Zanabazar", 1635-1723, the first spiritual head of Tibetan Buddhism for the Khalkha in Outer Mongolia. Has been called the "Michelangelo of Asia");
31. Khatan Baatar Magsarjav Noyon (1877 - September 3, 1927, was a Mongolian general and a leading figure in Mongolia's struggle for independence);
32. Bayan Urlug of the Baarin (1236-1295, Great General and poet);
33. Ulug Bekh Khaan (Ulugh Bek, March 22, 1394 - October 24, 1449, was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and a sultan);
34. Galdan Boshigt Khaan (1644-1697, was a Khaan of the Dzungar Khanate);
35. Khukh-Temur Urlug (1328-1373, also known as Wang Baobao, was a Han-Naiman General of the Yuan Dynasty);
36. Agvaankhaidav (1779-1838, Buddhist, scholar and philosopher);
37. Altan Khaan of the Tumed Mongols (1507-1582, was the ruler of the Right Wing, or western tribes of the Mongols);
38. Khatgin Damdinsuren (1908-1986, was a Mongolian writer and linguist);
39. Guush Khaan Tur-Baikh (1582-1654, was the ruler of the Right Wing, or western tribes of the Mongols);
40. Chingunjav Shadar Noyon of the Khotgoid (1710-1757, was one of the two major leaders of the 1755 - 1756 rebellion in Outer Mongolia);
41. Toba Shegui Khaan (Tuoba, 371-409 AD, founder of Toba Wei state);
42. Sayijin Soliin Danzan (1885-1924, was a Mongolian revolutionary and Chairman of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party);
43. Dogsomyn Bodoo (1895-1922, was the Prime Minister of Mongolia from 1921 to 1922);
44. Noyon Khutagt Danzan-Ravjaa (1803-1856, was a prominent Mongolian writer, composer, painter and medic and the Fifth Noyon Khutagt, the Lama of the Gobi);
45. Khara Khul Khaan (1568-1634, founder of Zunghar Khanate, was a Choros-Oirat prince and tayishi of the Choros tribe);
46. Zay-a Bandid Namkhai-Jamts ( Zay-a Bandida Namkhai-Jamchu, 1599-1662, Buddhist and scholar);
47. Damdin Sukhbaatar Janjin (February 02, 1893 - February 20, 1923, was a Mongolian military leader in the 1921 revolution);
48. Tumenkhen Tsogt Taij of the Khalkh (1581-1637, Tsoghtu Khong Prince, Chightu Khong Taiji, Tsogt Khun Taij, was a noble in Northern Khalkha. He expanded into Amdo (present-day Qinghai) to help the Karma Kagyu sect of Tibetan Buddhism, but was overthrown by Gushri Khaan, who supported the rival Geluk sect);
49. Khoo Urlug Khaan of the Torguds (1570-1644, founder of Khalimag Mongol (Torguud Oirad) state, state-military great servant, great marshal);
50. Borjigin Injannash (1837-1892, great famed historian, author, genial scriptural scientist, artist, and philosopher);
51. Manlai Baatar Damdinsuren of the Bargu (1871-1921, genial great marshal, unceasing fighter for independence, famed state servant, poet);
52. Tsakhar Gevsh Luvsanchultem (1740-1810, genial medicinal scientist, astronomer, numerologist, philosopher, author, poet, and great scriptural scientist monk);
53. Esen Taish Khaan (1407-1455, Mongolian Khaan, genial marshal of Oirad)
54. Khorloogiin Choibalsan (February 08, 1895 - January 26, 1952, was the Communist leader of the Mongolian People's Republic from the 1930s until his death. Famed state-military servant, great marshal, revolutionist, resplendent fighter for independence, great servant of Ikh Mongol movement);
55. Sumbe Khamba Ishbaljir (1704-1788, genial scientist, astronomer, numerologist, philosopher, famed historian author, great medicinal scientist);
56. Begziin Yavuukhulan (1929-1982, Great poet of the East, famed social and cultural servant);
57. Gazan Il-Khaan (1271-1304, also known as Mahmud Ghazan or Casanus, was the seventh ruler of the Mongol Empire's Il-Khanate division in modern-day Iran from 1295 to 1304. Considered the most prominent of the Il-khans, he is best known for making a political conversion to Islam in 1295, marking a turning point for the dominant religion of Mongols in Central Asia. Famed scientist and philosopher);
58. Amarsanaa Khaan of Oird (1718-1757, Oirad khan, great marshal, resplendent fighter for independence);
59. Luvsanjambyn Murdorj (1919-1996, Mongolian genial composer. He was one of the leading composers of Mongolia in the 1950s and 1960s. His symphonic work My Homeland, also known as Manai Ekh Oron (Our Motherland), composed in 1955, was the first such work written in Mongolia. He was also a co-composer of the national anthem of Mongolia);
60. Ephthal Khaan (400-455 AD, founder of Eftalite Empire of White Huns, great state-military servant);
61. Tokhtamysh Khaan (1350-1406, was the prominent khan of the Blue Horde, who briefly unified the White Horde and Blue Horde subdivisions of the Golden Horde, or Ulus of Zuchi, into a single state. Great state-military servant and genial marshal);
62. Nogai Khaan (1225-1299, also called Isa Nogai, Nogay or Nogaj, was a general and de facto ruler of the Golden Horde and a great-great-grandson of Chinggis Khaan);
63. Tugtan Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal (September 17, 1916 - April 20, 1991, was one of the leaders of Mongolia from 1952 to 1984. During his political life, he served as the Prime Minister and General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party);
64. Tumen Zasagt Khaan (1539-1592, Mongolian Great Khaan, state-military servant);
65. Sharaid Tseveen (1880-1942, great scientists, famed enlightener, state servant, resplendent fighter for Mongolian independence and freedom, famed historian, teacher, philosopher, great theorist of pan Mongolism);
66. Avtai Sain Khaan (1534-1586, famed state-military servant, propagandist of Buddhist religion);
67. Tsagaan Temeet Renchinii Choinom (1936 - 1978, was a Mongolian poet. Choinom's poems are famous for their fearlessness and realism. Throughout his life, his poems were widely popular but never received any official recognition under communist Mongolia. In 1991 R.Choinom was posthumously issued the Mongolian National Honor. Genial Mongolian poet, famed author);
68. Usu-Bekhi Khaan (1282-1341, Khaan of Golden Horde State or Ulus of Zuchi, Great state-military servant);
69. Khashi Kherei Khaan (1410-1466, founder of Crimean Khanate or Khanate of Crimea state, great state servant of Golden Horde empire);
70. Lamyn Gegeen Luvsan-Danzan-Jantsan (1639-1703, Genial scientist, famed religious servant, astronomer, great numerologist, and doctor);
71. Sanjaasurengiin Zorig (April 20, 1962 - October 02, 1998) was a prominent Mongolian politician and leader of the country's 1990 democratic revolution. He was called the "Golden Swallow of Democracy");
72. Guyug Khaan (1206-1248, was the third Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. As the eldest son of Uguudei Khaan and a grandson of Chinggis Khaan, he reigned from 1246 to 1248. He was given temple name later by Khubilai Khaan who founded the Yuan Dynasty);
73. Galdamaа Baatar (1635-1667, Oirad State famed state servant, Great Marshal);
74. Muyun-Khui Jologui Chanyu (269-333 AD, re-established Muyun Empire, Great Chanyu, Great Marshal, state servant);
75. Sain Noyon Khaan Namnansuren (1878-1919, Great state servant, resplendent fighter for independence and freedom);
76. Tatar Khaan (380-429 AD, khan of Rouran Khaganate, also known as Jou-jan, Jujan or Nirun Ruanruan/Ruru, Tatar, famed state servant, Great Marshal);
77. Zaya Bandid Luvsan-Perenlei (1642-1715, famed Buddhist religion servant, philosopher, great scientist, doctor, author, historian, poet, and enlightener);
78. Ayukhi Khaan (Ayuki, 1642-1724, Khaan of Torguud Oirad Empire of Khalimag Mongols, famed state-military servant, and Great Marshal);
79. Galzuud Agvaan-Luvsan Lkharamba (1853-1938, Great servant of Buryat-Mongolian religions, famed political servant, great scriptural scientist, poet, and enlightener);
80. Khuchum Khaan (1530-1605, Khaan of Mongolian Shiber Empire, and Great Marshal);
81. Khebekh Khaan (1278-1326, Khaan of Tsagaadain Empire, famed state-military servant);
82. Sorkhugtani Bekhi Khatan (Queen) (1198-1252, famed servant Mongolian Empire regime, genial queen, and enlightener);
83. “Lungrig” Dandar Maaramba (1831-1920, Great doctor of medicine, religious healer, pharmacist, philosopher, poet, and author);
84. Altan Khaan Ubashi Khun-Taij of the Khotkhoid (1567-1627, founder of Khotgoid Khanlig, famed state-military servant);
85. Alasha Lkharamba Agvaan-Dandar (1759-1842, genial philosopher, famed author, poet, and linguistics’ scientist);
86. Mengli Kherei Khaan (1440-1515, founder of Mongolian Crimea Khanate, great state servant of Golden Horde Empire);
87. “Marzan” Sharav (1869-1939, marzan = facetious, was a Mongolian painter. He is credited with the introduction of modern painting styles to Mongolia, with his most famous work, “One day in Mongolia”. His other well-known work includes portraits of the Bogd Khanand his queen Dondogdulam);
88. Ish-Danzanvanjil (1854-1907, Great scientist, author, poet, famous doctor and enlightener of Inner Mongolia);
89. Togtokh-Tur Noyon (1797-1887, famed state servant, great enlightener, and renovator of economy);
90. Shikhi-Khutug Noyon of the Tatar (1194-1276, great state legislator, founder of legislative principles, high-ranking Minister of the Mongol Empire in its early years, and a step-brother of Chinggis Khaan);
91. Yeh-lui Chu-Tsai (July 24, 1190 - June 20, 1244, statesman of Khitan ethnicity with royal family lineage to the Liao Dynasty, and became a vigorous adviser and administrator of the early Mongol Empire. The first of Chinggis Khaan retainers to suggest the policy of Mongol conquests. Introduced many administrative reforms in North China, during the reign of Chinggis Khaan and his successor Uguudei);
92. Choros Parchin of the Bayads (1855-1926, great story-teller of Oirad-Mongol, propagator of nomadic culture);
93. Eleen Ovla of the Kalmyks (1857-1920, great story teller of Khalimag-Torguud, propagator of nomadic culture);
94. Muhammad Shaybani Khaan (1451 - December 1510, also known as Abul-Fath Shaybani Khaan, khan of the Uzbek Dynasty who continued consolidating various Uzbek tribes and laid foundations for their ascendance in Transoxiana, descendant of Chinggis Khaan through his grandson Shayban and considered the Timurids as usurpers of the Chinggisid heritage in Central Asia, poet and statesman of Golden Horde);
95. Gakhan-Abaga nar Khukhultiin Davaa (1922-2006, great Kalmykia- Oirad poet);
96. Choros Gurkin Aidarda (1870-1937, great Oirad artist, poet and statesman);
97. Mongush Buyan-Badrakh (1892-1932, an eminent Tuva-Uriankhai poet and statesman);
98. Tugukhun Khaan (260-317 AD, founder of Tugukhun Dynasty);
99. Ulziit Dondog (1936-1972, prominent Buryatia-Mongolian poet);
100. Dalai Lama IV Yondon-Jamts (1589-1616, the Head of Buddhist religion).

by InfoMongolia.com


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